Flag of Bhutan

Bhutan Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Bhutan

Population758,288 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.8% (male 99,977/female 95,652)
15-24 years: 18.81% (male 72,634/female 70,018)
25-54 years: 43.07% (male 173,310/female 153,314)
55-64 years: 6.03% (male 24,482/female 21,206)
65 years and over: 6.29% (male 24,874/female 22,821) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.3
youth dependency ratio: 40.4
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9
potential support ratio: 14.5 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.6 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 27.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.07% (2017 est.)
Birth rate17.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 40.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.89% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationTHIMPHU (capital) 152,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.1 male(s)/female
total population: 1.09 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 32.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 32.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.6 years
male: 69.6 years
female: 71.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.9 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.6% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77.9% of population
rural: 33.1% of population
total: 50.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 22.1% of population
rural: 66.9% of population
total: 49.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Bhutanese
Ethnic groupsNgalop (also known as Bhote) 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
ReligionsLamaistic Buddhist 75.3%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 22.1%, other 2.6% (2005 est.)
LanguagesSharchhopka 28%, Dzongkha (official) 24%, Lhotshamkha 22%, other 26% (includes foreign languages) (2005 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.9%
male: 73.1%
female: 55% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 25,801
percentage: 18% (2010 est.)
Education expenditures7.4% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate148 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.8% (2010)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.26 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Demographics Comparison