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Republic of Haiti

République d'Haïti(French)
Repiblik d Ayiti  (Haitian Creole)[1]
Motto: 
"Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (French)[2]
"Libète, Egalite, Fratènite"  (Haitian Creole)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Motto on traditional coat of arms:
"L'union fait la force" (French)
"Inite se fòs"  (Haitian Creole)[3]
"Union makes strength"
Anthem: La Dessalinienne  (French)
Desalinyèn  (Haitian Creole)
"The Dessalines Song"
Location of Haiti
Capital
and largest city
Port-au-Prince
18°32′N72°20′W / 18.533°N 72.333°W / 18.533; -72.333
Official languages
Ethnic groups
95% Afro-Haitians
5% mixed and European Haitians[4]
Religion
Demonym(s)Haitian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
Jovenel Moïse
Joseph Jouthe
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from France
• Declared
1 January 1804
• Recognized
17 April 1825
22 September 1804
9 March 1806
17 October 1806
• Kingdom
28 March 1811
9 February 1822
• Dissolution
27 February 1844
26 August 1849
• Republic
15 January 1859
29 March 1987
28 July 1915
Area
• Total
27,750 km2 (10,710 sq mi) (143rd)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2018 estimate
11,439,646[6][7] (85th)
• Density
382/km2 (989.4/sq mi) (32nd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$19.979 billion[8] (144th)
• Per capita
$1,819[8] (174th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$7.897 billion[8] (139th)
• Per capita
$719[8] (172nd)
Gini (2012)60.8[9]
very high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.503[10]
low · 169th
CurrencyHaitian gourde (G) (HTG)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 (EDT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+509
ISO 3166 codeHT
Internet TLD.ht
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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