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Haiti Geography Profile

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LocationCaribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
Geographic coordinates19 00 N, 72 25 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 27,750 sq km

land: 27,560 sq km

water: 190 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 376 km

border countries (1): Dominican Republic 376 km
Coastline1,771 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Climatetropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrainmostly rough and mountainous
Elevation extremeshighest point: Pic la Selle 2,674 m

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

mean elevation: 470 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 66.4% (2018 est.)

arable land: 38.5% (2018 est.)

permanent crops: 10.2% (2018 est.)

permanent pasture: 17.7% (2018 est.)

forest: 3.6% (2018 est.)

other: 30% (2018 est.)
Irrigated land970 sq km (2012)
Total renewable water resources14.022 billion cubic meters (2017 est.)
Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Geography - noteshares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic); it is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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