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Haiti Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic
Geographic coordinates19 00 N, 72 25 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 27,750 sq km
land: 27,560 sq km
water: 190 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 376 km
border countries (1): Dominican Republic 376 km
Coastline1,771 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Climatetropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds
Terrainmostly rough and mountainous
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 470 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 66.4%
arable land 38.5%; permanent crops 10.2%; permanent pasture 17.7%
forest: 3.6%
other: 30% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land970 sq km (2012)
Population distributionfairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas
Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Environment - current issuesextensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes
Geography - noteshares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic); it is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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