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Haiti Demographics Profile

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Population
11,067,777 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 31.21% (male 1,719,961/female 1,734,566)
15-24 years: 20.71% (male 1,145,113/female 1,146,741)
25-54 years: 38.45% (male 2,110,294/female 2,145,209)
55-64 years: 5.3% (male 280,630/female 305,584)
65 years and over: 4.33% (male 210,451/female 269,228) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 60.4
youth dependency ratio: 52.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.3
potential support ratio: 13.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 24.1 years
male: 23.8 years
female: 24.3 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.26% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
21.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 57.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.9% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.774 million PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 97.6 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.8 years (2016/7 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 42.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 36.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 65.3 years
male: 62.6 years
female: 68 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.52 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
34.3% (2016/17)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.9% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
160,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
2,700 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 91.5% of population
rural: 55.4% of population
total: 75% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.5% of population
rural: 44.6% of population
total: 25% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 80.6% of population
rural: 40% of population
total: 62.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 19.4% of population
rural: 60% of population
total: 37.9% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
Nationality
noun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian
Ethnic groups
black 95%, mixed and white 5%
Religions
Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, other 0.7%), Vodou 2.1%, other 4.6%, none 10.2% (2003 est.)

note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003

Languages
French (official), Creole (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.7%
male: 65.3%
female: 58.3% (2016)
Education expenditures
2.4% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
480 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
9.5% (2017)
Health expenditures
8% (2017)
Physicians density
0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density
0.7 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.7% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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