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Haiti Demographics Profile

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Population11,198,240 (July 2021 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Nationalitynoun: Haitian(s)

adjective: Haitian
Ethnic groupsBlack 95%, mixed and White 5%
LanguagesFrench (official), Creole (official)

major-language sample(s):
The World Factbook, une source indispensable d'informations de base. (French)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
ReligionsProtestant/Methodist/Adventist/Jehovah's Witness 51.8%, Roman Catholic 35.4%, Vodou 1.7%, none 11% (2016-17 est.)

note: many Haitians practice elements of Vodou in addition to another religion, most often Roman Catholicism; Vodou was recognized as an official religion in 2003
Age structure0-14 years: 31.21% (male 1,719,961/female 1,734,566)

15-24 years: 20.71% (male 1,145,113/female 1,146,741)

25-54 years: 38.45% (male 2,110,294/female 2,145,209)

55-64 years: 5.3% (male 280,630/female 305,584)

65 years and over: 4.33% (male 210,451/female 269,228) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 60.4

youth dependency ratio: 52.1

elderly dependency ratio: 8.3

potential support ratio: 13.3 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.1 years

male: 23.8 years

female: 24.3 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate1.22% (2021 est.)
Birth rate21.4 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate7.29 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distributionfairly even distribution; largest concentrations located near coastal areas
Urbanizationurban population: 58% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 2.47% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population2.844 million PORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.01 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.4 years (2016/7 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-49
Maternal mortality rate480 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 41.29 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 47.1 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 35.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 65.61 years

male: 62.94 years

female: 68.31 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate2.48 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.3% (2016/17)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 91.5% of population

rural: 55.4% of population

total: 75% of population

unimproved: urban: 8.5% of population

rural: 44.6% of population

total: 25% of population (2017 est.)
Health expenditures7.7% (2018)
Physicians density0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 80.6% of population

rural: 40% of population

total: 62.1% of population

unimproved: urban: 19.4% of population

rural: 60% of population

total: 37.9% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.9% (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS150,000 (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,200 (2020 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high (2020)

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever

vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.7% (2016)
Food insecuritysevere localized food insecurity: due to reduced agricultural production and socio political turmoil - about 4.4 million people are forecast to be facing severe acute food insecurity or to be in need of urgent food assistance in the March-June 2021 time period; the high levels of food insecurity reflect the worsening household access to food, which was constrained by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, primarily through income and job losses; the low availability of locally produced staple crops and high prices of food items exacerbated the situation; the ongoing socio-political unrest has disrupted market activities, especially in urban areas, and reduced mobility due to road blockage has further affected the access to food (2021)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.5% (2016/17)
Education expenditures2.8% of GDP (2018)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 61.7%

male: 65.3%

female: 58.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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