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Commonwealth of Australia
Location of Australia
CapitalCanberra
35°18′29″S149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444
Largest citySydney
National languageEnglish[N 2]
Demonym
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Sir Peter Cosgrove
Malcolm Turnbull
Barnaby Joyce
Susan Kiefel
Scott Ryan
Tony Smith
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
1 January 1901
9 October 1942 (with effect
from 3 September 1939)
3 March 1986
Area
• Total
7,692,024 km2 (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th)
• Water (%)
0.76
Population
• 2018 estimate
24,786,200[5] (51st)
• 2016 census
23,401,892[6]
• Density
3.2/km2 (8.3/sq mi) (236th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
US$1.24 trillion[7] (19th)
• Per capita
US$49,882[7] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
US$1.39 trillion[7] (13th)
• Per capita
US$56,135[7] (10th)
Gini (2012)33.6[8]
medium · 19th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.939[9]
very high · 2nd
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zonevarious[N 3](UTC+8 to +10.5)
• Summer (DST)
various[N 3] (UTC+8 to +11.5)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+61
ISO 3166 codeAU
Internet TLD.au

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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