Australia Demographics Profile 2018
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Australia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population23,232,413 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.8% (male 2,122,139/female 2,012,670)
15-24 years: 12.79% (male 1,524,368/female 1,446,663)
25-54 years: 41.45% (male 4,903,130/female 4,725,976)
55-64 years: 11.83% (male 1,363,331/female 1,384,036)
65 years and over: 16.14% (male 1,736,951/female 2,013,149) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.1
youth dependency ratio: 28.5
elderly dependency ratio: 22.6
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 38.7 years
male: 37.9 years
female: 39.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.03% (2017 est.)
Birth rate12.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate5.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 89.7% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data include Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island
Major cities - populationSydney 4.505 million; Melbourne 4.203 million; Brisbane 2.202 million; Perth 1.861 million; Adelaide 1.256 million; CANBERRA (capital) 423,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.3 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 84.9 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate67.8%
note: percent of women aged 18-45 (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS25,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<500 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Australian(s)
adjective: Australian
Ethnic groupsEnglish 25.9%, Australian 25.4%, Irish 7.5%, Scottish 6.4%, Italian 3.3%, German 3.2%, Chinese 3.1%, Indian 1.4%, Greek 1.4%, Dutch 1.2%, other 15.8% (includes Australian aboriginal .5%), unspecified 5.4%
note: data represent self-identified ancestry, over a third of respondents reported two ancestries (2011 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 23.1% (Anglican 13.3%, Uniting Church 3.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.3%, Baptist 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.1%, Lutheran .7%, other Protestant .5%), Roman Catholic 22.6%, other Christian 4.2%, Muslim 2.6%, Buddhist 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3% (Eastern Orthodox 2.1%, Oriental Orthodox .2%), Hindu 1.9%, other 1.3%, none 30.1%, unspecified 9.6% (2016 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 20 years
female: 21 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate6 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.2% (2007)
Health expenditures9.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.37 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018