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Republic of Chile
República de Chile  (Spanish)
Motto: 
  • Por la razón o la fuerza (Spanish)
  • (English: "By Right or Might") [1]
Location of  Chile  (dark green)in South America  (grey)
Location of  Chile  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Santiagoa
33°26′S70°40′W / 33.433°S 70.667°W / -33.433; -70.667
National languageSpanish
Ethnic groups(2012[2])
DemonymChilean
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Michelle Bachelet
Andrés Zaldívar
Fidel Espinoza
LegislatureNational Congress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
18 September 1810
• Declared
12 February 1818
• Recognized
25 April 1844
11 September 1980
Area
• Total
756,096.3 km2 (291,930.4 sq mi) (37th)
• Water (%)
1.07b
Population
• 2017 census
17,574,003[3] (64th)
• Density
24/km2 (62.2/sq mi) (194th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$472.413 billion[4] (42nd)
• Per capita
$25,425[4] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$265.224 billion[4] (38th)
• Per capita
$14,274[4] (49th)
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 47.7[5]
high
HDI (2015)Increase 0.847[6]
very high · 38th
CurrencyPeso (CLP)
Time zoneCLT and EASTc(UTC−3 and −5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+56
ISO 3166 codeCL
Internet TLD.cl
  1. Legislature is based in Valparaíso.
  2. Includes Easter Island and Isla Sala y Gómez; does not include 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of territory claimed in Antarctica.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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