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Chile Demographics Profile

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Population18,307,925 (July 2021 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chilean(s)

adjective: Chilean
Ethnic groupsWhite and non-Indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)
LanguagesSpanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%; note - shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

major-language sample(s):
La Libreta Informativa del Mundo, la fuente indispensable de información básica. (Spanish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
ReligionsRoman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.79% (male 1,836,240/female 1,763,124)

15-24 years: 13.84% (male 1,283,710/female 1,233,238)

25-54 years: 42.58% (male 3,882,405/female 3,860,700)

55-64 years: 11.98% (male 1,034,049/female 1,145,022)

65 years and over: 11.81% (male 902,392/female 1,245,890) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.9

youth dependency ratio: 28.1

elderly dependency ratio: 17.9

potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 35.5 years

male: 34.3 years

female: 36.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.68% (2021 est.)
Birth rate12.92 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate6.47 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distribution90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated
Urbanizationurban population: 87.8% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.78% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population6.812 million SANTIAGO (capital), 992,000 Valparaiso, 892,000 Concepcion (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Maternal mortality rate13 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.68 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 7.26 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 6.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.57 years

male: 76.55 years

female: 82.71 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.76 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate76.3% (2015/16)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Health expenditures9.1% (2018)
Physicians density2.59 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS77,000 (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2018)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate28% (2016)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.5% (2014)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2017)
Demographic profile

Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.

Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.

Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96.4%

male: 96.3%

female: 96.3% (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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