Flag of Chile

Chile Demographics Profile

Home > Factbook > Countries > Chile

Population
18,186,770 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 19.79% (male 1,836,240/female 1,763,124)
15-24 years: 13.84% (male 1,283,710/female 1,233,238)
25-54 years: 42.58% (male 3,882,405/female 3,860,700)
55-64 years: 11.98% (male 1,034,049/female 1,145,022)
65 years and over: 11.81% (male 902,392/female 1,245,890) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 45.9
youth dependency ratio: 28.1
elderly dependency ratio: 17.9
potential support ratio: 5.6 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 35.5 years
male: 34.3 years
female: 36.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.71% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
13.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 87.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
6.767 million SANTIAGO (capital), 984,000 Valparaiso, 881,000 Concepcion (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 96.7 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 6.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 79.4 years
male: 76.3 years
female: 82.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
76.3% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
74,000 (201 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Chilean(s)
adjective: Chilean
Ethnic groups
white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)
Demographic profile

Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.

Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.

Languages
Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2012 est.)

note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.4%
male: 96.3%
female: 96.3% (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
5.4% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
13 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
0.5% (2014)
Health expenditures
9% (2017)
Physicians density
2.44 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.1 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

Demographics Comparison