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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Flag of Turkey
Anthem: 
Location of Turkey
Location of Turkey
CapitalAnkara
39°55′N32°50′E / 39.917°N 32.833°E / 39.917; 32.833
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish
Spoken languages[1]
Ethnic groups
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Binali Yıldırım
İsmail Kahraman
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Formation
19 May 1919
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
Area
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
1.3
Population
• 2017 estimate
82,835,090[2][3][4] (16th)
• Density
102[5]/km2 (264.2/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.249 trillion[6] (13th)
• Per capita
$27,634[6] (45th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$905 billion[6] (17th)
• Per capita
$11,124[6] (60th)
Gini (2013)Positive decrease 40.0[7]
medium · 56th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.761[8]
high · 72nd
CurrencyTurkish lira(₺) (TRY)
Time zoneFET(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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