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Turkey Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
81,257,239 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 24.26% (male 10,085,558 /female 9,627,967)
15-24 years: 15.88% (male 6,589,039 /female 6,311,113)
25-54 years: 43.26% (male 17,798,864 /female 17,349,228)
55-64 years: 8.82% (male 3,557,329 /female 3,606,120)
65 years and over: 7.79% (male 2,825,738 /female 3,506,283) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 50.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 38.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 31.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 30.9 years
female: 31.9 years
Population growth rate
0.49% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 75.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
14.968 million Istanbul, 5.018 million ANKARA (capital), 2.964 million Izmir, 1.951 million Bursa, 1.75 million Adana, 1.668 million Gaziantep (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.3 years (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 18.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.9 years
female: 77.7 years
Total fertility rate
2 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.5% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.3% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 85.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 14.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish
Ethnic groups
Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Religions
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Languages
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.2%
male: 98.8%
female: 93.6% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 17 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
2.3% (2013)
Health expenditures
4.1% (2015)
Physicians density
1.76 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
2.7 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
32.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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