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Turkey Demographics Profile

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Population
82,017,514 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 23.41% (male 9,823,553/female 9,378,767)
15-24 years: 15.67% (male 6,564,263/female 6,286,615)
25-54 years: 43.31% (male 17,987,103/female 17,536,957)
55-64 years: 9.25% (male 3,764,878/female 3,822,946)
65 years and over: 8.35% (male 3,070,258/female 3,782,174) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.1
youth dependency ratio: 35.7
elderly dependency ratio: 13.4
potential support ratio: 7.5 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 32.2 years
male: 31.7 years
female: 32.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.45% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
14.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 76.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.04% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
15.190 million Istanbul, 5.118 million ANKARA (capital), 2.993 million Izmir, 1.986 million Bursa, 1.771 million Adana, 1.704 million Gaziantep (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 101 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
22.3 years (2010 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 15.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.7 years
male: 73.3 years
female: 78.2 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.96 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
69.8% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 91.6% of population
total: 97.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 8.4% of population
total: 2.7% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
respiratory diseases: Covid-19 (2020)
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout Turkey; as of 10 November 2020, Turkey has reported a total of 391,739 cases of COVID-19 or 4,645 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 128 cumulative deaths per 1 million population
Nationality
noun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish
Ethnic groups
Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Religions
Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Languages
Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.2%
male: 98.8%
female: 93.5% (2017)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 19 years
female: 18 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.5% (2018/19)
Health expenditures
4.2% (2017)
Physicians density
1.85 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.8 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
32.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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