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Turkey vs. Bulgaria

Demographics

TurkeyBulgaria
Population80,845,215 (July 2017 est.)
7,101,510 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.68% (male 10,209,284/female 9,745,057)
15-24 years: 15.99% (male 6,601,471/female 6,324,277)
25-54 years: 43.21% (male 17,691,703/female 17,243,428)
55-64 years: 8.58% (male 3,448,232/female 3,492,199)
65 years and over: 7.53% (male 2,712,323/female 3,377,241) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 14.58% (male 532,924/female 502,277)
15-24 years: 9.58% (male 354,872/female 325,538)
25-54 years: 43.21% (male 1,576,980/female 1,491,489)
55-64 years: 13.35% (male 445,412/female 502,924)
65 years and over: 19.28% (male 554,486/female 814,608) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.9 years
male: 30.5 years
female: 31.4 years (2017 est.)
total: 42.7 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 44.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.52% (2017 est.)
-0.61% (2017 est.)
Birth rate15.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
8.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 17.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 18.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 77.5 years (2017 est.)
total population: 74.7 years
male: 71.4 years
female: 78.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.01 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.46 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
<.1% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turk(s)
adjective: Turkish
noun: Bulgarian(s)
adjective: Bulgarian
Ethnic groupsTurkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Romani 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 est.)
note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 9–11% of Bulgaria's population
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
3,500 (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
<200 (2016 est.)
LanguagesTurkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Romani 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 92.6% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.7%
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2013)
4.1% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.54% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 74.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.4% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.3% of population
rural: 85.5% of population
total: 94.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.7% of population
rural: 14.5% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 86.8% of population
rural: 83.7% of population
total: 86% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.2% of population
rural: 16.3% of population
total: 14% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationIstanbul 14.164 million; ANKARA (capital) 4.75 million; Izmir 3.04 million; Bursa 1.923 million; Adana 1.83 million; Gaziantep 1.528 million (2015)
SOFIA (capital) 1.226 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate16 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures5.4% of GDP (2014)
8.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.75 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
4 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density2.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
6.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.1% (2016)
25% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.3 years (2010 est.)
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73.5% (2013)
69.2%
note: percent of women age 20-49 (2007)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.1
youth dependency ratio: 38.4
elderly dependency ratio: 11.7
potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.7
youth dependency ratio: 21.2
elderly dependency ratio: 30.5
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook