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Republic of Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Motto: 
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"[1]
 •
"¡Trabajadores del mundo, únanse!"
"Workers of the world, unite!"
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Song [2]
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Location of  Cuba  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups(2012[3])
DemonymCuban
GovernmentUnitaryMarxist–Leninistone-partysocialist republic[4]
Raúl Castro
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence
10 October 1868
24 February 1895
• Recognized (handed over from Spain to the United States)
10 December 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
20 May 1902
26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
• Current constitution
24 February 1976
Area
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
0.94
Population
• 2016 census
11,239,224[5] (81st)
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[6]
• Per capita
US$ 22,237 (2015)[7][8]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 87.206 billion[9] (65th)
• Per capita
US$ 7,657[10] (80th)
Gini (2000)38.0[11]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.775[12]
high · 68th
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneCST(UTC−5)
• Summer (DST)
CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
  1. From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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