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Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Motto: 
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spanish)
"Homeland or Death, we shall overcome!"[1]
Anthem: La Bayamesa
(English: "The Bayamo Song")[2]
CUB orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
(2012)[3]
Religion
  • 65% Christianity
  • 24% Irreligious
  • 11% Others/African spirituality
Demonym(s)Cuban
GovernmentUnitaryMarxist–Leninistone-partysocialistrepublic[4]
Raúl Castro
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Salvador Valdés Mesa
José Machado Ventura
Manuel Marrero Cruz
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
Independence
10 October 1868
24 February 1895
• Recognized (handed over from Spain to the United States)
10 December 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
20 May 1902
26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
• Current constitution
10 April 2019
Area
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2019 census
Decrease 11,193,470[5] (82nd)
• Density
101.9/km2 (263.9/sq mi) (81st)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[6]
• Per capita
US$ 22,237[6][7]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
Increase $100.023 billion[8] (63rd)
• Per capita
Increase $8,822[9] (76th)
Gini (2000)38.0[10]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.778[11]
high · 72nd
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 (CDT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
  1. Data represents racial self-identification from Cuba's 2012 national census
  2. From 1993 to 2004, the United States dollar was used alongside the peso, until the dollar was replaced by the convertible peso.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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