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Cuba Demographics Profile 2018

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Population11,147,407 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.57% (male 950,870/female 896,476)
15-24 years: 12.22% (male 706,882/female 655,446)
25-54 years: 44.43% (male 2,490,483/female 2,462,250)
55-64 years: 11.84% (male 640,150/female 679,603)
65 years and over: 14.94% (male 763,058/female 902,189) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.3
youth dependency ratio: 23.3
elderly dependency ratio: 19.9
potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.5 years
male: 40.1 years
female: 42.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.29% (2017 est.)
Birth rate10.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-4.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 77.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationHAVANA (capital) 2.137 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.8 years
male: 76.5 years
female: 81.3 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.71 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate73.7% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS25,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<200 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.4% of population
rural: 89.8% of population
total: 94.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.6% of population
rural: 10.2% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94.4% of population
rural: 89.1% of population
total: 93.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.6% of population
rural: 10.9% of population
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groupswhite 64.1%, mulatto or mixed 26.6%, black 9.3%
note: data represent racial self-identification from Cuba's 2012 national census (2012 est.)
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power
LanguagesSpanish (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
People - noteillicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and overland via the southwest border; the number of Cubans migrating to the US surged after the announcement of normalization of US-Cuban relations in late December 2014 but has decreased since the end of the so-called “wet-foot, dry-foot” policy on 12 January 2017
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2015)
Education expenditures12.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate39 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures11.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density7.52 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density5.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018