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Cuba Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
11,116,396 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.44% (male 940,787 /female 886,996)
15-24 years: 12.1% (male 698,220 /female 646,684)
25-54 years: 43.69% (male 2,443,190 /female 2,414,119)
55-64 years: 12.54% (male 677,304 /female 716,704)
65 years and over: 15.22% (male 773,636 /female 918,756) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 43.3 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 23.3 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 19.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 41.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.2 years
female: 43.1 years
Population growth rate
-0.27% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
10.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 77.1% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.14% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.138 million HAVANA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 78.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 76.6 years
female: 81.4 years
Total fertility rate
1.71 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.7% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
31,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 96.4% of population
rural: 89.8% of population
total: 94.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.6% of population
rural: 10.2% of population
total: 5.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 94.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 89.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 93.2% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 5.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 10.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 6.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A (2016)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2016)

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

Nationality
noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban
Ethnic groups
white 64.1%, mulatto or mixed 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)

note: data represent racial self-identification from Cuba's 2012 national census

Religions
Christian 59.2%, folk 17.4%, other .4%, none 23% (2010 est.)

note: folk religion includes religions of African origin, spiritualism, and others intermingled with Catholicism or Protestantism; data is estimative because no authoritative source on religious affiliation exists in Cuba

Languages
Spanish (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.9%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
People - note
illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and overland via the southwest border; the number of Cubans migrating to the US surged after the announcement of normalization of US-Cuban relations in late December 2014 but has decreased since the end of the so-called "wet-foot, dry-foot" policy on 12 January 2017
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2016)
Education expenditures
12.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate
36 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
12.2% (2016)
Physicians density
8.19 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
5.2 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019