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Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve[1]
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°40′N61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Largest cityChaguanas[2]
10°30′N61°23′W / 10.500°N 61.383°W / 10.500; -61.383
Official languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups(2011[3])
Religion (2011[3][4])
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Anthony Carmona
Keith Rowley
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Brigid Annisette-George
Christine Kangaloo
Ivor Archie
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Trinidad and Tobago (separately) discovered by the Spanish
1498
• Colonized by the Spanish
1530
• Spain cedes Trinidad and Tobago (as separate colonies) to the United Kingdom at the Treaty of Amiens
25 March 1802
• Unification of Trinidad and Tobago
1889
• Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962
31 August 1962
• Joins CARICOM at the Treaty of Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
Area
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (165th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,353,895[5] (152)
• 2011 census
1,328,019[6]
• Density
254.4/km2 (658.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$44.654 billion[7] (110th)
• Per capita
$32,520[7] (36th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$21.748 billion[7]
• Per capita
$15,838[7]
Gini (2012)39.0[8]
medium
HDI (2016)Increase 0.780[9]
high · 65th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneAtlantic Standard Time(UTC-4)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC-4)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1(868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt
  1. Holiday celebrated on 24 September.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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