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Trinidad and Tobago Geography Profile 2018

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LocationCaribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates11 00 N, 61 00 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 5,128 sq km
land: 5,128 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Delaware
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline362 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical; rainy season (June to December)
Terrainmostly plains with some hills and low mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 83 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Land useagricultural land: 10.6%
arable land 4.9%; permanent crops 4.3%; permanent pasture 1.4%
forest: 44%
other: 45.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land70 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation on Trinidad is concentrated in the western half of the island, on Tobago in the southern half
Natural hazardsoutside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
Environment - current issueswater pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notePitch Lake, on Trinidad's southwestern coast, is the world's largest natural reservoir of asphalt

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018