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Republic of Nicaragua

República de Nicaragua(Spanish)
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spanish)
"In God We Trust" [1]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua  (Spanish)
"Hail to Thee, Nicaragua"
Location of Nicaragua
Capital
and largest city
Managua
12°6′N86°14′W / 12.100°N 86.233°W / 12.100; -86.233
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2011[2])
Religion
(2015)[3][4]
84.4% Christianity
—55.0% Catholic
—27.2% Protestant
—2.2% Other Christian
14.7% No religion
0.9% Other religions
Demonym(s)Nicaraguan
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partypresidentialconstitutional republic
Daniel Ortega
Rosario Murillo
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independencefrom Spain, Mexico and the Federal Republic of Central America
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Recognized
25 July 1850
• from the First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
31 May 1838
• Revolution
19 July 1979
• Current constitution
9 January 1987[5]
Area
• Total
130,375 km2 (50,338 sq mi) (96th)
• Water (%)
7.14
Population
• 2019 estimate
6,486,201[6] (112th)
• 2012 census
6,167,237[7]
• Density
51/km2 (132.1/sq mi) (155th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$35.757 billion[8] (115th)
• Per capita
$5,683[8] (129th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$13.380 billion[8] (127th)
• Per capita
$2,126[8] (134th)
Gini (2014)46.2[9]
high
HDI (2018)Decrease 0.651[10]
medium · 126th
CurrencyCórdoba (NIO)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+505
ISO 3166 codeNI
Internet TLD.ni

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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