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Two islands to the north-west of continental Europe. Highlighted are the larger island and the north-eastern fifth of the smaller island to the west.
Location of the  United Kingdom  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Capital
and largest city
London
51°30′N0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Official language
and national language
English
Recognised regional
languages[note 3]
Ethnic groups(2011)
Religion (2011)
Demonym
Countries(constituent parts)
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Theresa May
Damian Green
The Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury
LegislatureParliament
House of Lords
House of Commons
Formation
1535 and 1542
24 March 1603
1 May 1707
1 January 1801
5 December 1922
1 January 1973
Area
• Total
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)[4] (78th)
• Water (%)
1.34
Population
• 2016 estimate
65,648,000[5] (22nd)
• 2011 census
63,181,775[6] (22nd)
• Density
270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$2.79 trillion (9th)
• Per capita
$42,514[7] (25th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$2.65 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$43,902[8] (13th)
Gini (2014) 31.6[9]
medium · 33rd
HDI (2015)Increase 0.909[10]
very high · 16th
CurrencyPound sterling[note 5] (GBP; £)
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time[note 6](UTC​)
• Summer (DST)
British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+44[note 7]
ISO 3166 codeGB
Internet TLD.uk[note 8]
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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