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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian)
"The Song of the Italians"
Location of  Italy  (dark green)– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Italy  (dark green)

– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Rome
41°54′N12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Official language
and national language
Italiana
Religion
DemonymItalian
GovernmentUnitaryconstitutional
parliamentaryrepublic
Sergio Mattarella
Paolo Gentiloni
Pietro Grasso
Laura Boldrini
LegislatureParliament
Senate of the Republic
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
17 March 1861
2 June 1946
• Founded the EEC(now the European Union)
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) (71st)
• Water (%)
2.4
Population
• 2016 estimate
60,589,445 Increase[2] (23rd)
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$2.233 trillion [3] (12th)
• Per capita
$36,823[4] (32nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.850 trillion[5] (8th)
• Per capita
$30,507[6] (25th)
Gini (2016)33.1[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.887[8]
very high · 26th
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+39c
ISO 3166 codeIT
Internet TLD.itd
  1. German is co-official in South Tyrol; French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; Ladin is co-official in South Tyrol, in Trentino and in other northern areas.
  2. Before 2002, the Italian lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia but its official currency is the Swiss franc.[9]
  3. To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.
  4. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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