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Italy Demographics Profile 2018

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Population62,137,802 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.65% (male 4,334,457/female 4,146,726)
15-24 years: 9.66% (male 3,008,228/female 2,996,854)
25-54 years: 42.16% (male 12,933,634/female 13,265,541)
55-64 years: 12.99% (male 3,914,061/female 4,159,859)
65 years and over: 21.53% (male 5,758,197/female 7,620,245) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 35
potential support ratio: 2.9 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 45.5 years
male: 44.4 years
female: 46.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.19% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate3.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 69.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationROME (capital) 3.718 million; Milan 3.099 million; Naples 2.202 million; Turin 1.765 million; Palermo 853,000; Bergamo 840,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.3 years
male: 79.6 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.44 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS130,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.6% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved::
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.4% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Italian(s)
adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
ReligionsChristian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
LanguagesItalian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.2%
male: 99.4%
female: 99% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate4 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures9.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.95 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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