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Italy Demographics Profile

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Population62,390,364 (July 2021 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Italian(s)

adjective: Italian
Ethnic groupsItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
LanguagesItalian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

major-language sample(s):
L'Almanacco dei fatti del mondo, l'indispensabile fonte per le informazioni di base. (Italian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
ReligionsChristian 80.8% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim 4.9%, unaffiliated 13.4%, other 0.9% (2020 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.45% (male 4,292,431/female 4,097,732)

15-24 years: 9.61% (male 3,005,402/female 2,989,764)

25-54 years: 40.86% (male 12,577,764/female 12,921,614)

55-64 years: 14% (male 4,243,735/female 4,493,581)

65 years and over: 22.08% (male 5,949,560/female 7,831,076) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57

youth dependency ratio: 20.4

elderly dependency ratio: 36.6

potential support ratio: 2.7 (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 46.5 years

male: 45.4 years

female: 47.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate0.09% (2021 est.)
Birth rate8.37 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate10.7 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate3.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Population distributiondespite a distinctive pattern with an industrial north and an agrarian south, a fairly even population distribution exists throughout most of the country, with coastal areas, the Po River Valley, and urban centers (particularly Milan, Rome, and Naples), attracting larger and denser populations
Urbanizationurban population: 71.3% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.27% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Major cities - population4.278 million ROME (capital), 3.144 million Milan, 2.183 million Naples, 1.795 million Turin, 900,000 Bergamo, 850,000 Palermo (2021)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female

total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth31.3 years (2019 est.)
Maternal mortality rate2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.14 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.67 years

male: 80.01 years

female: 85.49 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.47 children born/woman (2021 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.1% (2013)

note: percent of women aged 18-49
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Health expenditures8.7% (2018)
Physicians density3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density3.2 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 98.8% of population

rural: 98.6% of population

total: 98.8% of population

unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population

rural: 1.4% of population

total: 1.2% of population (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS140,000 (2020 est.)

note: estimate does not include children
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2020 est.)
Major infectious diseasesrespiratory diseases: Covid-19 (see note) (2020)

note: a new coronavirus is causing  respiratory illness (COVID-19) in Italy; illness with this virus has ranged from mild to severe with fatalities reported; as of 19 July 2021, Italy has reported a total of 4,289,528  cases of COVID-19 or 7,192.19 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 100,000 population with 214.4 cumulative deaths per 100,000 population; as of 19 July 2021, 60.61% of the population has received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine; the US Department of Homeland Security has issued instructions requiring US passengers who have been in Italy to travel through select airports where the US Government has implemented enhanced screening procedures
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.9% (2016)
Education expenditures4% of GDP (2017)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.2%

male: 99.4%

female: 99% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 17 years (2018)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on September 18, 2021

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