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Netherlands

Nederland  (Dutch)
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"
Location of the Netherlands (dark green)
Location of the Netherlands (dark green)
Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[a]
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Government seatThe Hague[a]
Official languagesDutch[1]
Regional
English, Papiamento, West Frisian[b]
Recognised
Dutch Low Saxon, Limburgish[b]
Ethnic groups
(2017[4])
Religion
(2017[5])
Demonym(s)Dutch
Sovereign stateKingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Willem-Alexander
Mark Rutte
Thom de Graaf
LegislatureStates General
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from Habsburg Spain
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Kingdom established
16 March 1815
5 May 1945
10 December 1945
• Charter
15 December 1954
10 October 2010
Area
• Total
41,543 km2 (16,040 sq mi) (131st)
• Water (%)
18.41
Population
• 2019 estimate
17,336,891 Increase[6] (66th)
• Density
418.1/km2 (1,082.9/sq mi) (30th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.004 trillion[7] (28th)
• Per capita
$58,255[7] (13th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$914 billion[7] (17th)
• Per capita
$53,016[7] (13th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 27.4[8]
low · 15th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.931[9]
very high · 10th
CurrencyEuro; US dollar[c]
Time zone
• Summer (DST)
Note: Although Netherlands is located in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 2 November 1942, upon WW2 German occupation, Central European Time/UTC+1 was adopted as standard time,[2] with a +0:40:28 offset (+1:40:28 during DST) from Amsterdam’s LMT (UTC+0:19:32).
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+31; +599[e]
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD.nl; .bq[f]
Location of Netherlands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019


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