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Netherlands
Nederland  (Dutch)
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"  (French)[a]
"Ik zal handhaven"  (Dutch)
"I will uphold"
Anthem: "Wilhelmus"  (Dutch)
"'William"
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[c]
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Government's seatThe Hague[c]
Official languagesDutch[1]
Official regional languages
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups(2017[4])
Religion (2015[5])
DemonymDutch
Sovereign state Kingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Willem-Alexander
Mark Rutte (VVD)
Hugo de Jonge (CDA)
Kajsa Ollongren (D66)
Carola Schouten (CU)
Piet Hein Donner
LegislatureStates General
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence from Spanish Empire
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Kingdom established
16 March 1815
15 December 1954
• Incorporation of the Caribbean Netherlands
10 October 2010
Area
• Total
41,543 km2 (16,040 sq mi) (131st)
• Water (%)
18.41
Population
• 2017 estimate
17,170,000 Increase[6] (66th)
• Density
413.9/km2 (1,072.0/sq mi) (30th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$907.619 billion[7] (28th)
• Per capita
$53,139 (13th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$762.694 billion[7] (17th)
• Per capita
$44,654 (13th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 28.2[8]
low · 15th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.924[9]
very high · 7th
Currency
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)[f]
AST(UTC-4)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
AST (UTC-4)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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