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Federal Republic of Somalia[1]

Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya  (Somali)
جمهورية الصومال الاتحادية  (Arabic)
Area controlled by Somalia shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled Somaliland⁠ (a self-declared but unrecognized state) shown in light green. n.b., zones of control are approximate at this time.
Area controlled by Somalia shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled Somaliland⁠ (a self-declared but unrecognized state) shown in light green. n.b., zones of control are approximate at this time.
Capital
and largest city
Mogadishu
2°2′N45°21′E / 2.033°N 45.350°E / 2.033; 45.350
Official languagesSomaliArabic[2]
Foreign languages
Religion
Islam
Demonym(s)Somali[5]
GovernmentFederalparliamentary republic
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Mohamed Hussein Roble
LegislatureBicameral Federal Parliament
Formation
2,500 BCE
• Proto-Somali formation
1,200 BCE
247 BCE
1st century
9th century
13th century
13th century
15th century
17th century
17th century
19th century
19th century
1884
1889
• Union with the State of Somaliland
1 July 1960
20 September 1960
1 August 2012
Area
• Total
637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi) (43rd)
Population
• 2020 estimate
15,893,219 [6] (72nd)
• Density
19.31[7]/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (199th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
US$13.324 billion (N/A)
• Per capita
US$888 [8] (N/A)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
US$5.218 billion [8] (184th)
• Per capita
US$348 [8] (193rd)
HDI (2017)Increase 0.351
low
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+252
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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