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Republic of Peru
República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]
Motto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: Himno Nacional del Perú  (Spanish)
National Anthem of Peru
National seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
Location of  Peru  (dark green)in South America  (grey)
Location of  Peru  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languageSpanish
Co-official languages[a]
Ethnic groups(2013)
DemonymPeruvian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic[2][3]
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Aráoz
Mercedes Aráoz
LegislatureCongress of the Republic
Independencefrom the Kingdom of Spain
28 July 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognized
14 August 1879
Area
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19th)
• Water (%)
0.41
Population
• 2018 estimate
32,553,697[4] (43rd)
• 2007 census
28,220,764
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$449.153 billion[5] (38th)
• Per capita
$13,962[5] (92nd)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$221.710 billion[5] (49nd)
• Per capita
$6,892[5] (87th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 44.3[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.740[7]
high · 87th
CurrencySol (PEN)
Time zonePET(UTC−5)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
Internet TLD.pe
  1. ^Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they predominate.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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