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Republic of Peru
Motto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: Himno Nacional del Perú  (Spanish)
National Anthem of Peru
National seal:
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
Location of Peru
Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languagesa
Ethnic groups(2013[1])
DemonymPeruvian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Fernando Zavala Lombardi
Martín Vizcarra
Mercedes Aráoz
LegislatureCongress
Independencefrom the Kingdom of Spain
28 July 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognized
14 August 1879
Area
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19th)
• Water (%)
0.41
Population
• 2015 estimate
31,151,643
• 2007 census
28,220,764
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$429.711 billion[2]
• Per capita
$13,501[2]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$207.072 billion[2]
• Per capita
$6,506[2]
Gini (2014) 44.1[3]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.740[4]
high · 87th
CurrencySol (PEN)
Time zonePET(UTC−5)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
Internet TLD.pe
  1. Quechua, Aymara and other indigenous languages are co-official in the areas where they predominate.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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