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Turkmenistan

Türkmenistan[1]
Motto: Türkmenistan Bitaraplygyň watanydyr
("Turkmenistan is the motherland of Neutrality")[2][3]
Anthem: Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
("State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan")
Location of Turkmenistan (red)
Location of Turkmenistan (red)
Capital
and largest city
Ashgabat
37°58′N58°20′E / 37.967°N 58.333°E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languagesTurkmen
Language of inter-ethnic communicationRussian
Other languagesUzbekKazakhTatarEastern ArmenianAzerbaijaniBalujiKurmanjiUkrainianPersian and others
Ethnic groups
(2012)
Religion
Demonym(s)Turkmenistani[4]
Turkmen[5] Turkmenian
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partypresidential republic
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Raşit Meredow
Gülşat Mämmedowa
LegislatureAssembly (Mejlis)[6]
Independence from Russia
1879
13 May 1925
• Declared state sovereignty
22 August 1990
• From the Soviet Union
27 October 1991
• Recognized
26 December 1991
18 May 1992
Area
• Total
491,210 km2 (189,660 sq mi)[7] (52nd)
• Water (%)
4.9
Population
• 2020 estimate
6,031,187 [8] (113th)
• Density
10.5/km2 (27.2/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$112.659 billion[9]
• Per capita
$19,526[9]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$42.764 billion[9]
• Per capita
$7,411[9]
Gini (1998)40.8
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.710[10]
high · 108th
CurrencyTurkmen new manat (TMT)
Time zoneUTC+05 (TMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+993
ISO 3166 codeTM
Internet TLD.tm

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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