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Turkmenistan Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
5,411,012 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.66% (male 704,067 /female 684,581)
15-24 years: 17.71% (male 482,094 /female 476,080)
25-54 years: 43.52% (male 1,169,965 /female 1,185,159)
55-64 years: 8.17% (male 208,328 /female 233,902)
65 years and over: 4.93% (male 116,218 /female 150,618) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 46.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 28.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 27.8 years
female: 28.8 years
Population growth rate
1.1% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 52% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
828,000 ASHGABAT (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 33.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 39.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 70.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.6 years
female: 73.9 years
Total fertility rate
2.06 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
50.2% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 98.2% of population (2012 est.)
total: 99.1% of population (2012 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 1.8% of population (2012 est.)
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
Nationality
noun: Turkmenistani(s)
adjective: Turkmenistani
Ethnic groups
Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Religions
Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Languages
Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Education expenditures
3% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
3.2% (2015)
Health expenditures
6.3% (2015)
Physicians density
2.22 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
7.4 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
18.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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