Flag of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan Demographics Profile 2018

Home > Factbook > Countries > Turkmenistan

Population5,351,277 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.79% (male 699,612/female 680,583)
15-24 years: 18.39% (male 495,025/female 488,930)
25-54 years: 43.18% (male 1,147,044/female 1,163,762)
55-64 years: 7.9% (male 199,363/female 223,443)
65 years and over: 4.74% (male 110,505/female 143,010) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.7
youth dependency ratio: 46.5
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.9 years
male: 27.5 years
female: 28.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.12% (2017 est.)
Birth rate19.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 50.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.87% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationASHGABAT (capital) 746,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 34.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 41.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 27 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.4 years
male: 67.4 years
female: 73.6 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate50.2% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen
Ethnic groupsTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
ReligionsMuslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
LanguagesTurkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate42 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.2% (2015)
Health expenditures2.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.29 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density4 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

Demographics Comparison