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Turkmenistan vs. Iran

Demographics

TurkmenistanIran
Population
5,411,012 (July 2018 est.)
83,024,745 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 25.66% (male 704,067 /female 684,581)
15-24 years: 17.71% (male 482,094 /female 476,080)
25-54 years: 43.52% (male 1,169,965 /female 1,185,159)
55-64 years: 8.17% (male 208,328 /female 233,902)
65 years and over: 4.93% (male 116,218 /female 150,618) (2018 est.)
0-14 years: 24.23% (male 10,291,493 /female 9,823,838)
15-24 years: 14.05% (male 5,973,320 /female 5,689,501)
25-54 years: 48.86% (male 20,698,748 /female 19,863,223)
55-64 years: 7.39% (male 3,022,134 /female 3,113,443)
65 years and over: 5.48% (male 2,111,390 /female 2,437,655) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 28.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 27.8 years
female: 28.8 years
total: 30.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 30.5 years
female: 31 years
Population growth rate
1.1% (2018 est.)
1.19% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
18.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
17.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 33.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 39.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 16.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 70.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.6 years
female: 73.9 years
total population: 74.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.8 years
female: 75.6 years
Total fertility rate
2.06 children born/woman (2018 est.)
1.96 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
0.1% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Turkmenistani(s)
adjective: Turkmenistani
noun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groups
Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
61,000 (2018 est.)
Religions
Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
2,600 (2018 est.)
Languages
Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.5%
male: 90.4%
female: 80.8% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures
3% of GDP (2012)
3.8% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 52% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 75.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.71% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)
improved: urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 98.2% of population (2012 est.)
total: 99.1% of population (2012 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0% of population (2012 est.)
rural: 1.8% of population (2012 est.)
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
improved: urban: 92.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 82.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 90% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 7.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 17.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 10% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - population
828,000 ASHGABAT (capital) (2019)
9.014 million TEHRAN (capital), 3.152 million Mashhad, 2.086 million Esfahan, 1.628 million Shiraz, 1.581 million Karaj, 1.596 million Tabriz (2019)
Maternal mortality rate
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
16 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
3.2% (2015)
4.1% (2011)
Health expenditures
6.3% (2015)
7.6% (2015)
Physicians density
2.22 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
1.14 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
7.4 beds/1,000 population (2013)
0.2 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
18.6% (2016)
25.8% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
50.2% (2015/16)
77.4% (2010/11)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 46.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 40.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 33.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook