Political parties and leaders: Agrarian Party of Turkmenistan or APT [Ovezmyrat ENERMYRADOV]
Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Kasymguly BABAYEW]
Party of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs or PIE [Orazmammet MAMMEDOW]
note: a law authorizing the registration of political parties went into effect in January 2012; unofficial, small opposition movements exist abroad
Definition: This entry includes a listing of significant political organizations and their leaders.
Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on July 9, 2017