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Syrian Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah
Anthem: "حماة الديار" (Arabic)
Humat ad-Diyar
Guardians of the Homeland
Location of Syria
Location of Syria
Capital
and largest city
Damascus
33°30′N36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Official languagesArabic
Ethnic groups
Religion87% Islam
10% Christianity
3% Druzism[1]
GovernmentUnitarydominant-party[A]semi-presidentialrepublic[2]
Bashar al-Assad
Imad Khamis
Hadiya Khalaf Abbas
LegislaturePeople's Council
Establishment
• Proclamation of Arab Kingdom of Syria
8 March 1920
• State of Syria established under French Mandate
1 December 1924
• Syrian Republic established by merger of States of Jabal Druze, Alawites and Syria
1930
• Independence (Joint UN / French Mandate ended)
24 October 1945
• Last French
troops leave
17 April 1946
28 September 1961
8 March 1963
27 February 2012
Area
• Total
185,180[3] km2 (71,500 sq mi) (89th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• July 2014 estimate
17,064,854[4] (54th)
• Density
118.3/km2 (306.4/sq mi) (101st)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$107.831 billion[5]
• Per capita
$5,040[5]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$59.957 billion[5]
• Per capita
$2,802[5]
Gini (2014)55.8[6]
high
HDI (2016)Decrease 0.536[7]
low · 149th
CurrencySyrian pound (SYP)
Time zoneEET(UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+963
ISO 3166 codeSY
Internet TLD.sy
سوريا.
  1. ^Government has limited control across the country. See Syrian civil war

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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