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Syrian Arab Republic

الجمهورية العربية السورية  (Arabic)
Motto: وحدة ، حرية ، اشتراكية
Waḥdah, Ḥurrīyah, Ishtirākīyah
("Unity, Freedom, Socialism")
Anthem: حماة الديار
Ḥumāt ad-Diyār
("Guardians of the Homeland")
Syria (orthographic projection).svg
Location of Syria (green)
Syria - Location Map (2013) - SYR - UNOCHA.svg
Capital
and largest city
Damascus
33°30′N36°18′E / 33.500°N 36.300°E / 33.500; 36.300
Official languagesArabic[1]
Ethnic groups
Religion
87% Islam
10% Christianity[2]
3% Druzism[3]
Demonym(s)Syrian
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partysemi-presidentialBa’athistrepublic[4]
Bashar al-Assad
Hussein Arnous
Hammouda Sabbagh
LegislaturePeople's Council
Establishment
8 March 1920
1 December 1924
14 May 1930
• De jure Independence
24 October 1945
• De factoIndependence
17 April 1946
• Left the United Arab Republic
28 September 1961
8 March 1963
27 February 2012
Area
• Total
185,180[5] km2 (71,500 sq mi) (87th)
• Water (%)
1.1
Population
• 2020 estimate
17,500,657 (66th)
• 2010 census
21,018,834
• Density
118.3/km2 (306.4/sq mi) (70th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$50.28 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,900[6]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Total
$24.6 billion[6] (167)
• Per capita
$831[6]
Gini (2014)55.8[7]
high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.549[8]
low · 154th
CurrencySyrian pound (SYP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+963
ISO 3166 codeSY
Internet TLD.sy
سوريا.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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