Flag of Syria

Syria Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Syria

Population
19,454,263 (July 2018 est.)

note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016)

Age structure
0-14 years: 31.39% (male 3,132,619 /female 2,974,394)
15-24 years: 19.52% (male 1,933,185 /female 1,863,991)
25-54 years: 39.26% (male 3,807,664 /female 3,829,150)
55-64 years: 5.52% (male 531,455 /female 542,738)
65 years and over: 4.31% (male 379,360 /female 459,707) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 72.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 65.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 14.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 24.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 24 years
female: 25 years
Population growth rate
7.37% NA (2018 est.)
Birth rate
20.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
57 migrant(s)/1,000 population NA (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 54.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.43% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.354 million DAMASCUS (capital), 1.834 million Aleppo, 1.314 million Hims (Homs), 907,000 Hamah (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 14.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 16.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.8 years
female: 77.8 years
Total fertility rate
2.44 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
53.9% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<1000 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 95.1% of population (2015 est.)
total: 95.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 4.9% of population (2015 est.)
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groups
Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)
Religions
Muslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
note:  the Christian population may be considerably smaller as a result of Christians fleeing the country during the ongoing civil war
Languages
Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)
Education expenditures
5.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate
31 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
10.2% (2009)
Physicians density
1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
27.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

Demographics Comparison