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Federative Republic of Brazil
República Federativa do Brasil  (Portuguese)
Motto: 
  • Ordem e Progresso  (Portuguese)
  • (English: "Order and Progress")
Anthem: 

Location of  Brazil  (dark green)in South America  (grey)
Location of  Brazil  (dark green)

in South America  (grey)

CapitalBrasília
15°47′S47°52′W / 15.783°S 47.867°W / -15.783; -47.867
Largest citySão Paulo
23°33′S46°38′W / 23.550°S 46.633°W / -23.550; -46.633
Official
and national language
Portuguese[2]
Ethnic groups(2010[3])
Religion
DemonymBrazilian
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
Michel Temer
Vacant[5]
Rodrigo Maia
Eunício Oliveira
Cármen Lúcia
LegislatureNational Congress
Federal Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
7 September 1822
29 August 1825
15 November 1889
11 November 1903
5 October 1988
Area
• Total
8,515,767 km2 (3,287,956 sq mi) (5th)
• Water (%)
0.65
Population
• 2017 estimate
208,385,000[6] (6th)
• Density
24.35/km2 (63.1/sq mi) (193rd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$3.330 trillion[7] (8th)
• Per capita
$15,919[7] (86th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.200 trillion (8th)
• Per capita
$10,514[7] (68th)
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 51.3[8]
high
HDI (2015)Steady 0.754[9]
high · 79th
CurrencyReal (R$) (BRL)
Time zoneBRT(UTC−2 to −5)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
ISO 3166 codeBR
Internet TLD.br

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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