IndexMundi Home
Flag of Greenland

Greenland

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Greenland
Kalaallit Nunaat  (Greenlandic)
Grønland  (Danish)
Anthem: 
Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit
You Our Ancient Land
Nuna asiilasooq[a]
The Land of Great Length
Location of Greenland
Location of Greenland
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark consisting of Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled) and Denmark
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark consisting of Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled) and Denmark
Capital
and largest city
Nuuk Coat of Arms.gif Nuuk
64°10′N51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Official languagesGreenlandic[a]
Other languagesDanish[a]
Ethnic groups
ReligionChurch of Denmark
Demonym
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state Kingdom of Denmark
GovernmentDevolved government within parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Margrethe II
Mikaela Engell
• Premier
Kim Kielsen
Lars Emil Johansen
LegislatureInatsisartut
Autonomy within the Kingdom of Denmark
11th century
1262
• Contact re-established (Dano-Norwegian colonies)
1721
14 January 1814
• Amt status
5 June 1953
• Home rule
1 May 1979
• Further autonomy and self rule
21 June 2009[3][4]
Area
• Total
2,166,086 km2 (836,330 sq mi)
• Water (%)
83.1[d]
Population
• Estimate
56,483 (14 September 2016)[5]
• Density
0.028/km2 (0.1/sq mi) (last)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
11.6 billion kr.($1.8 billion)[6] (n/a)
• Per capita
$37,000 (n/a)
HDI (2010)Increase 0.786[7]
high · 61st
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time zone(UTC+0 to −4)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+299
ISO 3166 codeGL
Internet TLD.gl
  1. ^ Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.[3][8]
  2. ^ Danish influence reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway, son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret I of Denmark.
  3. ^ Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
  4. ^ As of 2000:
    410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free;
    1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-covered.
    Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums