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Greenland
Kalaallit Nunaat  (Greenlandic)
Grønland  (Danish)
Anthem: 
Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit
You Our Ancient Land
Nuna asiilasooq[a]
The Land of Great Length
Location of Greenland
Location of Greenland
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark
Location of the Kingdom of Denmark: Greenland, the Faroe Islands (circled), and Denmark
Capital
and largest city
Nuuk Coat of Arms.gif Nuuk
64°10′N51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Official languagesGreenlandic[a]
Other languagesDanish[a]
Ethnic groups
ReligionChurch of Denmark
Demonym
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state Kingdom of Denmark
GovernmentDevolved government within parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Margrethe II
Mikaela Engell
Kim Kielsen
Lars Emil Johansen
LegislatureInatsisartut
Autonomy within the Kingdom of Denmark
11th century
1262
• Contact re-established (Dano-Norwegian colonies)
1721
14 January 1814
• Amt status
5 June 1953
• Home rule
1 May 1979
• Further autonomy and self rule
21 June 2009[3][4]
Area
• Total
2,166,086 km2 (836,330 sq mi) (12th)
• Water (%)
83.1[d]
Population
• Estimate
56,483 (14 September 2016)[5]
• Density
0.028/km2 (0.1/sq mi) (last)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
11.59 billion kr.[6] (n/a)
• Per capita
37,009 USD (n/a)
HDI (2010)Increase 0.786[7]
high · 61st
CurrencyDanish krone (DKK)
Time zone(UTC+0 to −4)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+299
ISO 3166 codeGL
Internet TLD.gl
  1. ^ Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.[3][8]
  2. ^ Danish influence reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway, son of Haakon VI of Norway and Margaret I of Denmark.
  3. ^ Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
  4. ^ As of 2000:
    410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free;
    1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-covered.
    Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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