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Russian Federation
Российская Федерация (Russian)
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
Anthem: "
"Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"  (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
Location of Russia (green)Russian-administered Crimea (disputed; light green)a
Location of Russia (green)
Russian-administered Crimea (disputed; light green)a
Capital
and largest city
Moscow
55°45′N37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617
Official languagesRussian
Recognised national languagesSee Languages of Russia
Ethnic groups(2010[1])
ReligionSee Religion in Russia
DemonymRussian
GovernmentFederaldominant-partysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic[2]
Vladimir Putin
Dmitry Medvedev
Valentina Matviyenko
Vyacheslav Volodin
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Federation Council
State Duma
Formation
• Arrival of Rurik[3]
862
882
1283
• Tsardom
January 16, 1547
• Empire
October 22, 1721
September 14, 1917
November 6, 1917
December 30, 1922
June 12, 1990
• Russian Federation
December 25, 1991b
Area
• Total
17,075,200[4] km2 (6,592,800 sq mi) (1st)
• Water (%)
13[5] (including swamps)
Population
• 2017 estimate
144,463,451[6] (without Crimea)[7] (9th)
• Density
8.4/km2 (21.8/sq mi) (217th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$3.938 trillion[8] (6th)
• Per capita
$27,466[8] (52nd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.561 trillion[8] (11th)
• Per capita
$10,885[8] (72nd)
Gini (2013)40.1[9]
medium · 83rd
HDI (2015)Increase 0.804[10]
very high · 49th
CurrencyRussian ruble () (RUB)
Time zone(UTC+2 to +12)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeRU
Internet TLD
  1. The Crimean Peninsula is recognized as territory of Ukraine by a majority of UN member nations, but is de facto administered by Russia.[11]
  2. The Belavezha Accords was signed in Brest, Belarus on December 8, creating the Commonwealth of Independent States in which the Supreme Soviet of the Russian SFSR ratified the accords on December 12, denouncing the 1922 treaty. On December 25, Russian SFSR was renamed the Russian Federation and the following the day on December 26, the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union ratified the accords, effectively dissolving the Soviet Union.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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