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Russia Demographics Profile

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Population
141,722,205 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 17.24% (male 12,551,611/female 11,881,297)
15-24 years: 9.54% (male 6,920,070/female 6,602,776)
25-54 years: 43.38% (male 30,240,260/female 31,245,104)
55-64 years: 14.31% (male 8,808,330/female 11,467,697)
65 years and over: 15.53% (male 7,033,381/female 14,971,679) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51.2
youth dependency ratio: 27.8
elderly dependency ratio: 23.5
potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 40.3 years
male: 37.5 years
female: 43.2 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.16% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
10 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
13.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 74.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.18% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
12.538 million MOSCOW (capital), 5.468 million Saint Petersburg, 1.664 million Novosibirsk, 1.504 million Yekaterinburg, 1.272 million Kazan, 1.258 million Nizhniy Novgorod (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.77 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.47 male(s)/female
total population: 86.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25.2 years (2013 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 6.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 71.9 years
male: 66.3 years
female: 77.8 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.6 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
68% (2011)

note: percent of women aged 15-44

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.2% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
1 million (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 94.2% of population
total: 97.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 5.8% of population
total: 2.9% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 94.8% of population
rural: 78.1% of population
total: 90.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.2% of population
rural: 21.9% of population
total: 9.5% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, tickborne encephalitis
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout the Russia; as of 10 November 2020, Russia has reported a total of 1,774,334 cases of COVID-19 or 12,158 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 209 cumulative deaths per 1 million population
Nationality
noun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groups
Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9% (2010 est.)

note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census

Religions
Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of official atheism under Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as the country's traditional religions

Languages
Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1% (2010 est.)

note: data represent native language spoken

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.7% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2018)
Education expenditures
3.7% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
17 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.3% (2017)
Physicians density
4.01 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
8.1 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020