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Russia vs. Finland

Demographics

RussiaFinland
Population142,257,519 (July 2017 est.)
5,518,371 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.12% (male 12,509,563/female 11,843,254)
15-24 years: 9.46% (male 6,881,880/female 6,572,191)
25-54 years: 44.71% (male 31,220,990/female 32,375,489)
55-64 years: 14.44% (male 8,849,707/female 11,693,131)
65 years and over: 14.28% (male 6,352,557/female 13,958,757) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 16.43% (male 463,432/female 443,384)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 321,609/female 307,458)
25-54 years: 37.78% (male 1,064,427/female 1,020,285)
55-64 years: 13.29% (male 360,821/female 372,794)
65 years and over: 21.1% (male 506,342/female 657,819) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.6 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 42.5 years (2017 est.)
total: 42.5 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 44.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2017 est.)
0.36% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
2.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71 years
male: 65.3 years
female: 77.1 years (2017 est.)
total population: 81 years
male: 78 years
female: 84.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.75 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
NA
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
noun: Finn(s)
adjective: Finnish
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Romani 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
NA
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Lutheran 72%, Orthodox 1.1%, other 1.6%, unspecified 25.3% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
NA
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
Finnish (official) 88.3%, Swedish (official) 5.3%, Russian 1.4%, other 5% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 19 years
male: 19 years
female: 20 years (2015)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2012)
7.2% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 84.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 88% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 12% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
HELSINKI (capital) 1.18 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
3 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
3.01 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
4.53 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.1% (2016)
22.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2009 est.)
28.8 years (2015 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.5
youth dependency ratio: 24.2
elderly dependency ratio: 19.4
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 57.9
youth dependency ratio: 25.9
elderly dependency ratio: 32
potential support ratio: 3.1 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook