Home

Russia vs. Mongolia

Demographics

RussiaMongolia
Population142,257,519 (July 2017 est.)
3,068,243
note: Mongolia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world (2 people per sq km); twice as many ethnic Mongols (some 6 million) live in Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) in neighboring China (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.12% (male 12,509,563/female 11,843,254)
15-24 years: 9.46% (male 6,881,880/female 6,572,191)
25-54 years: 44.71% (male 31,220,990/female 32,375,489)
55-64 years: 14.44% (male 8,849,707/female 11,693,131)
65 years and over: 14.28% (male 6,352,557/female 13,958,757) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 26.95% (male 421,675/female 405,298)
15-24 years: 16.09% (male 249,805/female 243,784)
25-54 years: 45.6% (male 677,679/female 721,435)
55-64 years: 7.07% (male 99,099/female 117,818)
65 years and over: 4.29% (male 53,364/female 78,286) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.6 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 42.5 years (2017 est.)
total: 28.3 years
male: 27.5 years
female: 29.2 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2017 est.)
1.18% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
18.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 21.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71 years
male: 65.3 years
female: 77.1 years (2017 est.)
total population: 69.9 years
male: 65.7 years
female: 74.4 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2017 est.)
2.09 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
<.1% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
noun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
<500 (2016 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Shamanist 2.9%, Christian 2.2%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
<100 (2016 est.)
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
Mongolian 90% (official) (Khalkha dialect is predominant), Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2015)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2012)
4.6% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 73.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 59.2% of population
total: 64.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 40.8% of population
total: 35.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 42.6% of population
total: 59.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 57.4% of population
total: 40.3% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
ULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
44 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
2.88 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
6.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.1% (2016)
20.6% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2009 est.)
20.5 years
note: median age at first birth among women 20-24 (2008 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011)
54.6% (2013)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.5
youth dependency ratio: 24.2
elderly dependency ratio: 19.4
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 48.5
youth dependency ratio: 42.7
elderly dependency ratio: 5.8
potential support ratio: 17.3 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook