Home

Russia vs. Ukraine

Demographics

RussiaUkraine
Population142,257,519 (July 2017 est.)
44,033,874 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.12% (male 12,509,563/female 11,843,254)
15-24 years: 9.46% (male 6,881,880/female 6,572,191)
25-54 years: 44.71% (male 31,220,990/female 32,375,489)
55-64 years: 14.44% (male 8,849,707/female 11,693,131)
65 years and over: 14.28% (male 6,352,557/female 13,958,757) (2017 est.)
0-14 years: 15.76% (male 3,571,358/female 3,366,380)
15-24 years: 9.86% (male 2,226,142/female 2,114,853)
25-54 years: 44.29% (male 9,579,149/female 9,921,387)
55-64 years: 13.8% (male 2,605,849/female 3,469,246)
65 years and over: 16.3% (male 2,409,049/female 4,770,461) (2017 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.6 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 42.5 years (2017 est.)
total: 40.6 years
male: 37.4 years
female: 43.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2017 est.)
-0.41% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
10.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
14.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.5 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
total: 7.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71 years
male: 65.3 years
female: 77.1 years (2017 est.)
total population: 72.1 years
male: 67.4 years
female: 77.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2017 est.)
1.54 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
0.9% (2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
noun: Ukrainian(s)
adjective: Ukrainian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
240,000 (2016 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Orthodox (includes Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (UAOC), Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP)), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish
note: Ukraine's population is overwhelmingly Christian; the vast majority - up to two-thirds - identify themselves as Orthodox, but many do not specify a particular branch; the UOC-KP and the UOC-MP each represent less than a quarter of the country's population, the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church accounts for 8-10%, and the UAOC accounts for 1-2%; Muslim and Jewish adherents each compose less than 1% of the total population (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
8,500 (2016 est.)
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
"Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, ther (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldovan/Romanian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.)
note: 2012 legislation enables a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast's population to be given the status of ""regional language,"" allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions; Ukrainian remains the country's only official nationwide language
"
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2012)
6% of GDP (2014)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.15% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 70.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.35% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 97.8% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 2.2% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 95.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 4.1% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
KYIV (capital) 2.942 million; Kharkiv 1.441 million; Odesa 1.01 million; Dnipropetrovsk 957,000; Donetsk 934,000; Zaporizhzhya 753,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
24 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
7.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
3 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
9 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.1% (2016)
24.1% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2009 est.)
24.9 years (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011)
65.4% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.5
youth dependency ratio: 24.2
elderly dependency ratio: 19.4
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 44.8
youth dependency ratio: 21.8
elderly dependency ratio: 23
potential support ratio: 4.3
note: data include Crimea (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook