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Russia vs. Norway

Demographics

RussiaNorway
Population142,355,415 (July 2016 est.)
5,265,158 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.94% (male 12,385,281/female 11,726,473)
15-24 years: 9.71% (male 7,071,489/female 6,754,928)
25-54 years: 45.16% (male 31,528,258/female 32,753,350)
55-64 years: 14.27% (male 8,727,233/female 11,591,221)
65 years and over: 13.92% (male 6,152,252/female 13,664,930) (2016 est.)
0-14 years: 18.02% (male 486,408/female 462,178)
15-24 years: 12.8% (male 345,785/female 327,969)
25-54 years: 40.98% (male 1,112,006/female 1,045,791)
55-64 years: 11.7% (male 311,528/female 304,267)
65 years and over: 16.51% (male 398,203/female 471,023) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.3 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 42.3 years (2016 est.)
total: 39.1 years
male: 38.4 years
female: 40 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.06% (2016 est.)
1.07% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
12.2 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
6.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.8 years
male: 65 years
female: 76.8 years (2016 est.)
total population: 81.8 years
male: 79.8 years
female: 83.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2016 est.)
1.86 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
0.15% (2014 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
noun: Norwegian(s)
adjective: Norwegian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
5,800 (2014 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
less than 100 (2014 est.)
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2015)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2012)
7.4% of GDP (2013)
Urbanizationurban population: 74% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 80.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.35% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 98.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 1.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
OSLO (capital) 986,000 (2015)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
9.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.31 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
4.42 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
3.85 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2014)
24.8% (2014)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 years (2009 est.)
28.5 years
note: data is calculated based on actual age at first births (2012 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.1
youth dependency ratio: 24
elderly dependency ratio: 19.1
potential support ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52.2
youth dependency ratio: 27.3
elderly dependency ratio: 24.9
potential support ratio: 4 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook