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Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Қазақстан Республикасы  (Kazakh)
    Qazaqstan Respwblïkası
Anthem: Meniń Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
vocal version:
Location of Kazakhstan (green)
Location of Kazakhstan (green)
CapitalNur-Sultan
51°10′N71°26′E / 51.167°N 71.433°E / 51.167; 71.433
Largest cityAlmaty
Official languagesKazakh
Co-official[a]
Russian[1]
Ethnic groups
(2020[2])
Religion
  • 70.2% Muslims
  • 26.3% Christians
  • 3.5% others
Demonym(s)Kazakhstani[b][4]
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partypresidentialconstitutional republic
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Askar Mamin
Mäulen Äşimbaev
Nurlan Nigmatulin
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Mazhilis
Formation
1465
13 December 1917
26 August 1920
19 June 1925
5 December 1936
• Declared Sovereignty
25 October 1990
• Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan
10 December 1991
• Declared Independence from the USSR
16 December 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
• Admitted to the United Nations
2 March 1992
30 August 1995
Area
• Total
2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi) (9th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 18,711,200[5] (64th)
• Density
7/km2 (18.1/sq mi) (236th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $569.813 billion[6] (41st)
• Per capita
Increase $30,178[6] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $179.332 billion[6] (55th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,686[6] (69th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 27.5[7]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.817[8]
very high · 50th
CurrencyTenge (₸) (KZT)
Time zoneUTC+5 / +6 (West / East)
Driving sideright
Calling code+7-6xx, +7-7xx
ISO 3166 codeKZ
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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