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Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Қазақстан Республикасы  (Kazakh)
    Qazaqstan Respy'bli'kasy
  • Республика Казахстан  (Russian)
    Respublika Kazakhstan
Anthem: Менің Қазақстаным
Menin' Qazaqstanym
"My Kazakhstan"
Location of  Kazakhstan  (green)
Location of  Kazakhstan  (green)
CapitalAstana
51°10′N71°26′E / 51.167°N 71.433°E / 51.167; 71.433
Largest cityAlmaty
Official languages
Ethnic groups(2016[2])
DemonymKazakhstani[3]
GovernmentUnitarydominant-partypresidentialconstitutional republic
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Mazhilis
Formation
1465
13 December 1917
26 August 1920
19 June 1925
5 December 1936
• Declared Sovereignty
25 October 1990
• Reconstituted as the Republic of Kazakhstan
10 December 1991
• Declared Independence from the USSR
16 December 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
2 March 1992
30 August 1995
Area
• Total
2,724,900 km2 (1,052,100 sq mi) (9th)
• Water (%)
1.7
Population
• 2016 estimate
17,987,736[4] (64th)
• Density
6.49/km2 (16.8/sq mi) (227th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$474.312 billion[5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$26,071[5] (53rd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$156.189 billion[5] (50th)
• Per capita
$8,585[5] (54th)
Gini (2013)26.4[6]
low
HDI (2014)Increase 0.788[7]
high · 56th
CurrencyTenge (₸) (KZT)
Time zoneWest / East(UTC+5 / +6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+7-6xx, +7-7xx
ISO 3166 codeKZ
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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