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Kazakhstan Demographics Profile

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Population
19,091,949 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.13% (male 2,438,148/female 2,550,535)
15-24 years: 12.97% (male 1,262,766/female 1,212,645)
25-54 years: 42.23% (male 3,960,188/female 4,102,845)
55-64 years: 10.25% (male 856,180/female 1,099,923)
65 years and over: 8.43% (male 567,269/female 1,041,450) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 58.8
youth dependency ratio: 46.3
elderly dependency ratio: 12.6
potential support ratio: 8 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 31.6 years
male: 30.3 years
female: 32.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.89% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
16.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 57.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.29% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.896 million Almaty, 1.896 million NUR-SULTAN (capital), 1.058 million Shimkent (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 0.94 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.54 male(s)/female
total population: 90.8 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.5 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 17.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 20.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72 years
male: 66.8 years
female: 76.8 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.16 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
53% (2018)
note: percent of women aged 18-49
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
33,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.8% of population
total: 97.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.2% of population
total: 2.6% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Kazakhstani(s)
adjective: Kazakhstani
Ethnic groups
Kazakh (Qazaq) 68%, Russian 19.3%, Uzbek 3.2%, Ukrainian 1.5%, Uighur 1.5%, Tatar 1.1%, German 1%, other 4.4% (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)
Languages
Kazakh (official, Qazaq) 83.1% (understand spoken language) and trilingual (Kazakh, Russian, English) 22.3% (2017 est.); Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 94.4% (understand spoken language) (2009 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2019)
Education expenditures
2.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
2% (2015)
Health expenditures
3.1% (2017)
Physicians density
3.98 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
6.1 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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