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Kazakhstan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population18,556,698 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.91% (male 2,374,427/female 2,434,212)
15-24 years: 14.05% (male 1,329,376/female 1,277,615)
25-54 years: 42.42% (male 3,847,282/female 4,024,052)
55-64 years: 9.97% (male 810,019/female 1,040,917)
65 years and over: 7.65% (male 494,064/female 924,734) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.4
youth dependency ratio: 40.3
elderly dependency ratio: 10.2
potential support ratio: 9.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.6 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 31.9 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.04% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.94% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationAlmaty 1.523 million; ASTANA (capital) 759,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 0.94 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.78 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.53 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 19.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.1 years
male: 65.9 years
female: 76 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate55.7% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS26,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 85.6% of population
total: 92.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 14.4% of population
total: 7.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 98.1% of population
total: 97.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 1.9% of population
total: 2.5% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Kazakhstani(s)
adjective: Kazakhstani
Ethnic groupsKazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.9%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.4% (2009 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)
LanguagesKazakh (official, Qazaq) 74% (understand spoken language), Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 94.4% (understand spoken language) (2009 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2016)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 59,254
percentage: 2% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures3.1% of GDP (2009)
Maternal mortality rate12 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2% (2015)
Health expenditures4.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.27 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density7.2 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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