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Republic of the Niger
  • République du Niger  (French)
Motto: 
  • "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
  • "Fraternity, Work, Progress"
Location of  Niger  (dark green)
Location of  Niger  (dark green)
Location of Niger
Capital
and largest city
Niamey
13°32′N2°05′E / 13.533°N 2.083°E / 13.533; 2.083
Official languagesFrench
National languages[1]
DemonymNigerien/nˈʒɛəriən/ [2]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
Mahamadou Issoufou
Brigi Rafini
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from France
• Declared
3 August 1960
Area
• Total
1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi) (21st)
• Water (%)
0.02
Population
• 2016 estimate
20,672,987 (61st)
• 2012 census
17,138,707
• Density
12.1/km2 (31.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$21.742 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,159[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$8.141 billion[3]
• Per capita
$434[3]
Gini (2011)31.5[4]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.353[5]
low · 187th
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneWAT(UTC+1)
Drives on theright[6]
Calling code+227
ISO 3166 codeNE
Internet TLD.ne
  1. Lowest ranked.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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