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Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska  (Polish)
Anthem: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of  Poland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Poland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Location of Poland
Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languagesPolish[1]
Minority languagesKashubian, German, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Rusyn, Romani, Yiddish[2]
Ethnic groups(2011[3])
Religion (2011[4])
Demonym
  • Polish
  • Pole
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
Andrzej Duda
Mateusz Morawiecki
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
Sejm
Formation
14 April 966
18 April 1025
1 July 1569
24 October 1795
22 July 1807
9 June 1815
11 November 1918
1 September 1939
8 April 1945
13 September 1989
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi)[a] (69th)
• Water (%)
3.07
Population
• 30 June 2017 estimate
38,422,346[5] (35th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$1.1 trillion[6] (21st)
• Per capita
$30,827
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$510 billion[6] (23rd)
• Per capita
$15,050
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 32.08[7]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.855[8]
very high · 36th
CurrencyPolish złoty (PLN)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl
Website
poland.pl
  1. ^a The area of Poland, as given by the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi), of which 311,888 km2 (120,421 sq mi) is land and 791 km2 (305 sq mi) is internal water surface area.[9]
  2. ^b The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation or lack thereof, as one of the most significant events in their country's history, as it was used to unify the tribes in the region.[10]

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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