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Republic of India
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana" (Bengali)[2]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[3][2]
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36.8′N77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E / 28.6133; 77.2083
Largest cityMumbai
18°58′30″N72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[8][9][10]
Religion
DemonymIndian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutionalsocialist[12]
republic[1]
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Modi
Dipak Misra
Sumitra Mahajan
LegislatureParliament of India
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
Area
• Total
3,287,263[5] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[d] (7th)
• Water (%)
9.6
Population
• 2016 estimate
1,324,171,354[13] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[14][15] (2nd)
• Density
395.2/km2 (1,023.6/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$10.339 trillion[16] (3rd)
• Per capita
$7,749[16] (116th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$2.654 trillion[16] (7th)
• Per capita
$1,989[16] (133rd)
Gini (2013)33.9[17]
medium · 79th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.624[18]
medium · 131st
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneIST(UTC+05:30)
DST is not observed
Date formatDD-MM-YYYY
Drives on theleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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