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Republic of China
中華民國
Zhōnghuá Mínguó (Mandarin)[a]
Cunghua Minkuo (Formosan)[b]
Chûng-fà Mìn-koet (Hakka)
Anthem: 
《中華民國國歌》
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"

Flag anthem:
《中華民國國旗歌》
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
a map of East Asia, with a world map insert, with the island of Taiwan shaded and the other islands circled
CapitalTaipei[1]
25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633Coordinates: 25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
Largest cityTaipei–New Taipei
Official languagesMandarin (de facto) [2][3]
Recognised national languagesFormosan languages[4]
Hakka[5]
Recognised regional languagesTaiwanese Hokkien
Matsu dialect
Official scriptTraditional Chinese
Formosan Latin alphabet[6]
Ethnic groups95% Han[7]
  70% Hoklo
  14% Hakka
  14% Waisheng[c]
3.1% New immigrants
2.4% Aborigines[d]
DemonymTaiwanese[8]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
Tsai Ing-wen
Chen Chien-jen
• Premier
William Lai
Shih Jun-ji
• Speaker
Su Chia-chyuan
Tsai Chi-chang
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
Formation
10 October 1911
1 January 1912
25 October 1945
25 December 1947
7 December 1949
Area
• Total
36,197[9] km2 (13,976 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
23,550,077[10] (53rd)
• 2010 census
23,123,866[11] (53rd)
• Density
650/km2 (1,683.5/sq mi) (17th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.177 trillion[12]
• Per capita
$49,901[12]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$566.757 billion[12]
• Per capita
$24,027[12]
Gini (2014)33.6[13]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.882[e]
very high · 25th
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneNational Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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