Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Taiwan
local long form: none
local short form: Taiwan
etymology: "Tayowan" was the name of the coastal sandbank where the Dutch erected their colonial headquarters on the island in the 17th century; the former name "Formosa" means "beautiful" in Portuguese
Definition: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation and the etymology of the name. Also see the Terminology note.
Source: CIA World Factbook - This page was last updated on January 20, 2018