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Taiwan Demographics Profile

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Population
23,603,049 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 12.42% (male 1,504,704/female 1,426,494)
15-24 years: 11.62% (male 1,403,117/female 1,339,535)
25-54 years: 45.51% (male 5,351,951/female 5,389,112)
55-64 years: 14.73% (male 1,698,555/female 1,778,529)
65 years and over: 15.72% (male 1,681,476/female 2,029,576) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 40
youth dependency ratio: 17.8
elderly dependency ratio: 22.2
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 42.3 years
male: 41.5 years
female: 43.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.11% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 78.9% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
4.398 million New Taipei City, 2.721 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.245 million Taoyuan, 1.538 million Kaohsiung, 1.321 million Taichung, 850,000 Tainan (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 97.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.6 years
male: 77.5 years
female: 83.9 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.14 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan

Ethnic groups
Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan's population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China) more than 95%, indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples 2.3%

note 1: there are 16 officially recognized indigenous groups: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Hla'alua, Kanakaravu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Sakizaya, Seediq, Thao, Truku, Tsou, and Yami; Amis, Paiwan, and Atayal are the largest and account for roughly 70% of the indigenous population

note 2: although not definitive, the majority of current genetic, archeological, and linguistic data support the theory that Taiwan is the ultimate source for the spread of humans across the Pacific to Polynesia; the expansion (ca. 3000 B.C. to A.D. 1200) took place via the Philippines and eastern Indonesia and reached Fiji and Tonga by about 900 B.C.; from there voyagers spread across all of the rest of the Pacific islands over the next two millennia

Religions
Buddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, folk (includes Confucian) approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)
Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014)
Education expenditures
NA

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020