Flag of Taiwan

Taiwan Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Taiwan

Population
23,545,963 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 12.68% (male 1,535,365 /female 1,449,336)
15-24 years: 12.52% (male 1,509,023 /female 1,438,278)
25-54 years: 46.08% (male 5,412,487 /female 5,437,015)
55-64 years: 14.36% (male 1,652,683 /female 1,729,571)
65 years and over: 14.36% (male 1,541,716 /female 1,840,489) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 35.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 18.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 16.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 41.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.5 years
female: 42 years
Population growth rate
0.15% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
7.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 78.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
4.361 million New Taipei City, 2.713 million TAIPEI (capital), 2.218 million Taiyuan, 1.534 million Kaohsiung, 1.302 million Taichung, 843,000 Tainan (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 80.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 77.2 years
female: 83.7 years
Total fertility rate
1.13 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)

note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan

Ethnic groups
Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan's population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China) more than 95%, indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples 2.3%

note 1: there are 16 officially recognized indigenous groups: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Hla'alua, Kanakaravu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Sakizaya, Seediq, Thao, Truku, Tsou, and Yami; Amis, Paiwan, and Atayal are the largest and account for roughly 70% of the indigenous population

note 2: although not definitive, the majority of current genetic, archeological, and linguistic data support the theory that Taiwan is the ultimate source for the spread of humans across the Pacific to Polynesia; the expansion (ca. 3000 B.C. to A.D. 1200) took place via the Philippines and eastern Indonesia and reached Fiji and Tonga by about 900 B.C.; from there voyagers spread across all of the rest of the Pacific islands over the next two millennia

Religions
Buddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, folk (includes Confucian) approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)
Languages
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min Nan), Hakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014 est.)
Education expenditures
NA

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019