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Taiwan Demographics Profile 2018

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Population23,508,428 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 12.88% (male 1,559,074/female 1,468,319)
15-24 years: 12.88% (male 1,551,228/female 1,476,660)
25-54 years: 46.41% (male 5,445,338/female 5,463,804)
55-64 years: 14.12% (male 1,622,111/female 1,696,564)
65 years and over: 13.72% (male 1,475,534/female 1,749,796) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 35.2
youth dependency ratio: 18.6
elderly dependency ratio: 16.6
potential support ratio: 6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.7 years
male: 40 years
female: 41.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.17% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Major cities - populationTAIPEI (capital) 2.666 million; Kaohsiung 1.523 million; Taichung 1.225 million; Tainan 815,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.2 years
male: 77.1 years
female: 83.6 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.13 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Nationalitynoun: Taiwan (singular and plural)
note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan (or Taiwanese)
Ethnic groupsmore than 95% Han Chinese (including Hoklo, who compose approximately 70% of Taiwan's population, Hakka, and other groups originating in mainland China), 2.3% indigenous Malayo-Polynesian peoples
note: there are 16 officially recognized indigenous groups: Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Hla'alua, Kanakaravu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Puyuma, Rukai, Saisiyat, Sakizaya, Seediq, Thao, Truku, Tsou, and Yami; Amis, Paiwan, and Atayal are the largest and account for roughly 70% of the indigenous population
ReligionsBuddhist 35.3%, Taoist 33.2%, Christian 3.9%, Taoist or Confucian folk religionist approximately 10%, none or unspecified 18.2% (2005 est.)
LanguagesMandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.7%
female: 97.3% (2014 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018