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Eritrea

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State of Eritrea
  • ሃገረ ኤርትራ (Tigrinya)
  • Hagere Ertra
  • دولة إرتريا (Arabic)
  • Dawlat Iritriyá
Anthem: Ertra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Location within Africa (dark gray) and the Eastern Hemisphere (gray)
Location within Africa (dark gray) and the Eastern Hemisphere (gray)
Location of Eritrea
Capital
and largest city
Asmara
15°20′N38°55′E / 15.333°N 38.917°E / 15.333; 38.917
Official languagesNone[1] (see working languages)
Recognised national languages
Working languages
Ethnic groups(2012[5])
DemonymEritrean
GovernmentUnitaryone-partypresidential republic
Isaias Afwerki
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
• Dʿmt
c. 980 BC
c. 100 AD
1137
1890
15 September 1952
• De facto State of Eritrea
24 May 1991
• De jure State of Eritrea
24 May 1993
Area
• Total
117,600 km2 (45,400 sq mi) (99th)
• Water (%)
0.14%
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,954,645[6] (116th)
• Density
51.8/km2 (134.2/sq mi) (154th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$10.176 billion[7]
• Per capita
$1,466[7]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$6.856 billion[7]
• Per capita
$988[7]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.420[8]
low · 179th
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
Time zoneEAT(UTC+3)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+291
ISO 3166 codeER
Internet TLD.er

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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