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French Republic
République française (French)
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
EU-France.svg
EU-France (orthographic projection).svg
Location of  metropolitan France  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the territory of the French Republic (red)Adélie Land (Antarctic claim; hatched)
  • Location of the territory of the French Republic (red)
  • Adélie Land (Antarctic claim; hatched)
Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51′N2°21′E / 48.850°N 2.350°E / 48.850; 2.350
Official language
and national language
French[I]
Nationality (2010)
Religion (2016)
DemonymFrench
GovernmentUnitarysemi‑presidentialconstitutional republic
Emmanuel Macron
Édouard Philippe
Gérard Larcher
François de Rugy
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
• Francia unified
486
August 843
22 September 1792
• Founded the EEC[III]
1 January 1958
4 October 1958
Area
• Total
640,679 km2 (247,368 sq mi)[3] (42nd)
• Metropolitan France (IGN)
551,695 km2 (213,011 sq mi)[V] (50th)
• Metropolitan France (Cadastre)
543,940.9 km2 (210,016.8 sq mi)[VI][4] (50th)
Population
• 2017 estimate
Increase 67,201,000[5] (21st)
• Density
104/km2 (270/sq mi) (106th)
• Metropolitan France, estimate as of December 2017
Increase 65,058,000[6] (22nd)
• Density
116/km2 (300.4/sq mi) (89th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.826 trillion[7] (10th)
• Per capita
$43,550[7] (26th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.574 trillion[7] (5th)
• Per capita
$39,673[7] (22nd)
Gini (2013)30.1[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.897[9]
very high · 21st
Currency
Time zoneCentral European Time(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Central European Summer Time[X] (UTC+2)
Note: various other time zones are observed in overseas France.[IX]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+33[XI]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[XII]
Source gives area of metropolitan France as 551,500 km2 (212,900 sq mi) and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89,179 km2 (34,432 sq mi). Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi).

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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