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France Demographics Profile 2018

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Population67,106,161
note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.53% (male 6,360,218/female 6,076,598)
15-24 years: 11.79% (male 4,045,901/female 3,864,395)
25-54 years: 37.78% (male 12,773,900/female 12,578,256)
55-64 years: 12.42% (male 4,020,507/female 4,315,407)
65 years and over: 19.48% (male 5,648,888/female 7,422,091) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 59.2
youth dependency ratio: 29.1
elderly dependency ratio: 30.2
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.4 years
male: 39.6 years
female: 43.1 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.39% (2017 est.)
Birth rate12.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 80% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationPARIS (capital) 10.843 million; Lyon 1.609 million; Marseille-Aix-en-Provence 1.605 million; Lille 1.027 million; Nice-Cannes 967,000; Toulouse 938,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1 years (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.9 years
male: 78.8 years
female: 85.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate83% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS180,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<1000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.6% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 98.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.4% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 1.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
Ethnic groupsCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian
ReligionsChristian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28%
note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France's religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals' ethnicity or religious beliefs was reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual's race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France's separation of church and state (2015 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)
overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.5% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures11.5% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.23 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density6.4 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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