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France Demographics Profile

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Population
67,848,156 (July 2020 est.)

note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.36% (male 6,368,767/female 6,085,318)
15-24 years: 11.88% (male 4,122,981/female 3,938,938)
25-54 years: 36.83% (male 12,619,649/female 12,366,120)
55-64 years: 12.47% (male 4,085,564/female 4,376,272)
65 years and over: 20.46% (male 6,029,303/female 7,855,244) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 62.4
youth dependency ratio: 28.7
elderly dependency ratio: 33.7
potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 41.7 years
male: 40 years
female: 43.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.35% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
11.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
1.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 81% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.72% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
11.017 million PARIS (capital), 1.719 million Lyon, 1.608 million Marseille-Aix-en-Provence, 1.063 million Lille, 1.024 million Toulouse, 969,000 Bordeaux (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.7 years (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82.2 years
male: 79.1 years
female: 85.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.06 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
78.4% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
190,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout France; as of 10 November 2020, France has reported a total of 1,714,361 cases of COVID-19 or 26,264 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 610 cumulative deaths per 1 million population
Nationality
noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
Ethnic groups
Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities

note: overseas departments: black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian

Religions
Christian (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic) 63-66%, Muslim 7-9%, Buddhist 0.5-0.75%, Jewish 0.5-0.75%, other 0.5-1.0%, none 23-28% (2015 est.)

note: France maintains a tradition of secularism and has not officially collected data on religious affiliation since the 1872 national census, which complicates assessments of France's religious composition; an 1872 law prohibiting state authorities from collecting data on individuals' ethnicity or religious beliefs was reaffirmed by a 1978 law emphasizing the prohibition of the collection or exploitation of personal data revealing an individual's race, ethnicity, or political, philosophical, or religious opinions; a 1905 law codified France's separation of church and state

Languages
French (official) 100%, declining regional dialects and languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish, Occitan, Picard)

note: overseas departments: French, Creole patois, Mahorian (a Swahili dialect)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2018)
Education expenditures
5.4% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
11.3% (2017)
Physicians density
3.26 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
6 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
21.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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