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Kingdom of Spain

Reino de España  (Spanish)
Motto: "Plus ultra" (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: "Marcha Real" (Spanish)[2]
"Royal March"
EU-Spain (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Spain.svg
Location of Spain (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of Spain
Capital
and largest city
Madrid
40°26′N3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official language
and national language
Spanish[c]
Ethnic groups
(2019)[4]
Religion
(2019)[5]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Felipe VI
Pedro Sánchez
Manuel Cruz Rodríguez
Meritxell Batet
Carlos Lesmes Serrano
LegislatureCortes Generales
Senate
Congress of Deputies
Formation
20 January 1479
• De jure
9 June 1715
19 March 1812
29 December 1978
1 January 1986
Area
• Total
505,990[6] km2 (195,360 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
1.04
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase 46,733,038 [e] (30th)
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi) (112th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase$1.941 trillion[8] (15th)
• Per capita
Increase $41,592[8] (30th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease$1.398 trillion[8] (12th)
• Per capita
Decrease $29,961[8] (30th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 34.1[9]
medium · 103rd
HDI (2017)Increase 0.891[10]
very high · 26th
CurrencyEuro[f] () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC⁠±0 to +1 (WET and CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 to +2 (WEST and CEST)
Note: most of Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands and Plazas de soberanía which observe WET/WEST.


Although located in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 16 March 1940, during WW2, Spain adopted (without reversal to this day) Central European Time/UTC+1 as standard time,[3] with a +1:14:44 offset (and +2:14:44 during DST) from Madrid LMT (UTC-00:14:44); the same for the Canary Islands, located in UTC-1 (N) time zone, since 30 September 1946 adopted Western European Time/UTC as standard time with a +1:01:36 offsett (+2:01:36 during DST) from Las Palmas de Gran Canaria LMT (UTC-01:01:36).[4]
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+34
ISO 3166 codeES
Internet TLD.es[g]

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019


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