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Spain Demographics Profile

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Population
50,015,792 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.02% (male 3,861,522/female 3,650,085)
15-24 years: 9.9% (male 2,557,504/female 2,392,498)
25-54 years: 43.61% (male 11,134,006/female 10,675,873)
55-64 years: 12.99% (male 3,177,080/female 3,319,823)
65 years and over: 18.49% (male 3,970,417/female 5,276,984) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.4
youth dependency ratio: 21.9
elderly dependency ratio: 30.4
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 43.9 years
male: 42.7 years
female: 45.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.67% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla

Major cities - population
6.618 million MADRID (capital), 5.586 million Barcelona, 834,000 Valencia (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 97.6 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.9 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82 years
male: 79 years
female: 85.2 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.51 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
62.1% (2018)
note: percent of women aged 18-49
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
150,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2019)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population (5 est.)
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
respiratory diseases: Covid-19 (see note) (2020)
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout Spain; as of 10 November 2020, Spain has reported a total of 1,328,832 cases of COVID-19 or 28,421 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 831 cumulative deaths per 1 million population; the Spanish Government is gradually relaxing confinement measures in phases over the next several weeks; these measures will vary from region to region within Spain; the Department of Homeland Security has issued instructions requiring US passengers who have been in Spain to travel through select airports where the US Government has implemented enhanced screening procedures
Nationality
noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groups
Spanish 86.4%, Moroccan 1.8%, Romanian 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
note: data represent population by country of birth
Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.9%
female: 98% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.2% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.9% (2017)
Physicians density
3.87 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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