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Spain Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
49,331,076 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.29% (male 3,879,229 /female 3,664,016)
15-24 years: 9.65% (male 2,458,486 /female 2,299,523)
25-54 years: 44.54% (male 11,208,598 /female 10,762,651)
55-64 years: 12.38% (male 2,980,206 /female 3,125,949)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 3,833,601 /female 5,118,817) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 28.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 43.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.9 years
female: 44.3 years
Population growth rate
0.73% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
7.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Canary Islands, Ceuta, and Melilla

Major cities - population
6.559 million MADRID (capital), 5.541 million Barcelona, 832,000 Valencia (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
30.7 years (2015 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 78.8 years
female: 85 years
Total fertility rate
1.5 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
70.9% (2016)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
150,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 100% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.9% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Spaniard(s)
adjective: Spanish
Ethnic groups
Spanish 86.4%, Morocco 1.8%, Romania 1.3%, other 10.5% (2018 est.)
note: data represent population by country of birth
Religions
Roman Catholic 68.9%, atheist 11.3%, agnostic 7.6%, other 2.8%, non-believer 8.2%, unspecified 1.1% (2019 est.)
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official nationwide) 74%, Catalan (official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian)) 17%, Galician (official in Galicia) 7%, Basque (official in the Basque Country and in the Basque-speaking area of Navarre) 2%, Aranese (official in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran) along with Catalan, <5,000 speakers)

note: Aragonese, Aranese Asturian, Basque, Calo, Catalan, Galician, and Valencian are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 98.8%
female: 97.7% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 18 years
female: 18 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2015)
Physicians density
4.07 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
23.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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