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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven (English)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made of Hundreds of Flowers (English)
Location of Nepal
Location of Nepal
Capital
and largest city
Kathmandu
28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250Coordinates: 28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250
Official languagesNepali
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups(2011[2][needs update])
Religion81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreligion[3][4]
DemonymNepalese
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nanda Kishor Pun
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Onsari Gharti Magar
Gopal Parajuli
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Rastriya Sabha
Pratinidi Sabha
Unification
25 September 1768[5]
• State declared
15 January 2007
• Republic declared
28 May 2008
Area
• Total
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
2.8
Population
• 2016 estimate
28,982,771[6] (48th)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[2]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$74.020 billion[7]
• Per capita
$2,573[7]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$24.067 billion[7] ((107th))
• Per capita
$837[7]
Gini (2010)Negative increase 32.8[8]
medium
HDI (2016)Increase 0.558[9]
medium · 144th
CurrencyNepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zoneNepal Standard Time(UTC+05:45)
DST not observed
Drives on theleft
Calling code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np
.नेपाल

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 20, 2018


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