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Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made of hundreds of flowers (English)
Location of Nepal
Location of Nepal
Capital
and largest city
Kathmandu
28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250Coordinates: 28°10′N84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250
Official languagesNepali
Recognised national languagesSee Languages of Nepal
Ethnic groups
(2011)
Religion
81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreligion[1][2]
Demonym(s)Nepali (official), Nepalese
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nanda Kishor Pun
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli
Cholendra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina
(vacant)[a][3]
LegislatureFederal Parliament
National Assembly
House of Representatives
Formation
25 September 1768[4]
18 May 2006[5]
28 May 2008
20 September 2015
Area
• Total
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
2.8
Population
• 2018 estimate
28,095,714[6][7] (48th)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[8]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nd)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$84 billion[9]
• Per capita
$2,842[9]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$27 billion[9]
• Per capita
$919[9]
Gini (2010)Negative increase 32.8[10]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.574[11]
medium · 149th
CurrencyNepalese rupee Rs (Nepali: रू) (NPR)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
DST not observed
Driving sideleft
Calling code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019


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